Colombia Finca Santuario Heliconias Red Bourbon 2012


Bean name Colombia Finca Santuario Heliconias Red Bourbon 2012
Country Colombia
Region Cauca
Other info Varietal: 100% Bourbon


Introducing a coffee we have seen before, but this time it joins us as a UK exclusive and direct trade offering, and one I am very happy to have in that stable.

The story starts back in 2009 when it seemed like we had been searching for a great Colombian coffee forever. This had been much harder than it should have been, with Colombian yields massively down and lots of the coffee being hoovered up by people with big pockets who just need to have a Colombian, regardless of the quality.

We stocked the 2009 Tipica crop from this farm and it was only a small lot, but it was so popular and so enjoyed that it was gone in two and a half weeks. We had expected it would last until the new crop was due to arrive, many weeks later. So we stocked a good amount of it last year (and it still flew out the door).

The farm has become a favourite farm and producer. But this year we found out from Camilo that the importer would not be bringing in the coffee and all the hard work, searching, and cupping would be wasted. So cue the music and a flight to Colombia (tagged on to the start of my trip to the World Barista Championships); I flew out to see Camilo and to try to fix this.

A few days with Camilo and you realise that he is the future of the Colombian coffee industry. I’ll try and quantify that statement; for years Colombia has had a great reputation, and has achieved great prices (even when markets were low the Colombian differential was always high). But changes in climate and issues with plant diseases (leaf rust is a huge problem in Colombia) have put pressure on yields, and so put pressure on farms to change traditional plant stock for that of more disease resistant strains such as Castillo, Catimore, and Colombia. The problem with this is that these varietals don’t take into account what's important to me: how it tastes.

Camilo is working with varietals purely for their intrinsic taste values and to make the best farm; not just in the region or in Colombia, but the world. He is constantly asking questions, working with interesting irrigation ideas to work against the change in climate, even building a giant greenhouse for an experimental lot of growing coffee under cover.

This crazy approach to growing coffee is nothing new to Camilo; he bought land that Santuario now sits on, before it had any coffee on it at all. The land had previously been grazing ground for cattle. It was barren and in a rather bad way, but it seemed there was potential for great Colombian coffee to be grown. With an altitude of 1800-2100 metres, low temperatures at night (but not too low), and high temperatures during the day (again not too high), the land had possibilities.

With active agronomy, soil management, and careful varietal selection, this farm is now one of the most amazing coffee experiments I have seen. If I were to build a farm (and one day I hope this will happen), this would be the model I would follow. Camilo has selected Tipica and Bourbon as the main crop (80%) and experimental lots of Geisha, Maragogype, and Mocha (20%). You can see by the map below that this farm has been meticulously planned and every piece designed to fit in with each other.

With further plans to extend the varietal stock and build a wet mill, this farm will continue to become a benchmark for farm design, and to show that quality coffee can achieve the premiums that are needed to maintain this style of farm.

In the cup you can expect very clean and very elegant sweetness with bakers' chocolate and brown sugar, which develops into a lovely plum-like acidity. The complex aftertaste and smooth body are what makes this coffee so special and unique, carrying on and on.

Coffee: Finca Santuario Heliconias Bourbon
Farm: Finca Santuario Heliconias
Varietal(s): 100% Bourbon
Processing: Washed
Altitude: This lot 2050 metres above sea level rest of farm (1890 - 2010)
Farm Size: 135.4 hectares
Coffee growing size: 62.9 Hectares
Owner: Camilo Merizald
City: Cali
Region: Cauca
Country: Colombia

Roasting Information:
Treat very, very gently, it's not the easiest coffee to get right. Listen for the pops of second and stop, stop, stop as soon as you hear them.

"Quick Look" Guide:
Bakers' chocolate, brown sugar, complex cup, plums, huge mouthfeel, liquid velvet.

Good Filter: Yes, Good Espresso: Yes

Cupping notes

Clean cup 7/8
Sweetness 7/8
Acidity 8/8
Mouthfeel 7/8
Flavour 7/8
Aftertaste 7/8
Balance 7/8
Overall 7/8
Correction +36
Total 93

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